Glaucoma is a very common eye disorder affecting millions of Americans. It is typically caused by too much pressure on the inside of the eye. Fluid in your eyes helps to nourish and cleanse the inside of your eyes by constantly flowing in and out. When too much fluid is made or if the fluid is prevented from flowing out, the intraocular pressure builds and has the potential to damage the optic nerve. This leads to a gradual loss in peripheral vision.
DRY EYE SYNDROME
Dry eyes affect almost 10 million Americans. Dry eye syndrome can be caused by a lack of tears or in some cases there are ample tears, but they have poor quality. Tears lubricate the outer layer of the eye, called the cornea. If there are not enough tears or if the tears are not composed of a proper balance of mucous, water, and oil, the eye becomes irritated.
DIABETIC EYE DISEASE
Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems that can occur in patients with diabetes. Diabetes can affect many part of the eye, most notably the lens and the retina. Patients with diabetes are twice as likely to develop glaucoma. High levels of blood sugar and fluctuating blood sugar overtime will damage tiny blood vessels in your eye and make them leak. New vessels may form to replace the damaged vessels, but the new vessels tend to be weaker. This combination of poorly functioning blood vessels leads to starvation of the retina, which overtime causes vision loss.
Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness is Americans over the age of 65. It is a disease which affects the small, central area of the retina responsible for precise central vision, known as the macula. The macula allows us to see the fine detail of whatever is directly in front of us. Macular degeneration occurs when the macula begins to deteriorate; and leads to loss of central vision.
Macular degeneration has two forms: dry (not involving the formation of new blood vessels) and wet (includes the formation of new blood vessels). Most often, macular degeneration is accompanied by formation of yellow deposits called “drusen” under the macula. Wet macular degeneration accounts for about 10 percent of cases and is typically associated with more severe vision loss.
Cataracts are a cloudiness that occurs in the lens of the eye. The lens is made mostly of water and protein arranged to let light through. Sometimes the protein clumps, blocking light and making the lens appear cloudy. A clear lens is necessary for crisp vision. When the lens gets cloudy, vision will begin to blur.
The retina is the part of the eye that collects light and transmits light messages to the optic nerve and brain; it lines the inner back wall of the eye. When the retina separates from the back wall, it is known as retinal detachment. It is a serious condition that can cause permanent damage and vision loss if not treated quickly.